GUIDELINES ON FOODS, DRINKS AND GOODS UTILIZED BY MUSLIMS

INTRODUCTION

The majority of processors of food and goods utilized by Muslims do not fully comprehend the meaning of the labels 'HALAL'(Permisible), 'CERTIFIED HALAL', 'FOOD FOR MUSLIMS' and other similar labellings as provided for in the 'Trade Description Act(Usage of Statement'HALAL/Permissible') 1975'

Thus, these guidelines are prepared to interpret and explain, to processors and the public, the halal and haram aspects as stipulated in Islamic laws.It covers foods, drinks, slaughtering and utensils used by muslims.

These guidelines contain the following particulars:

1.IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS AS PROVIDED FOR IN THE TRADE DESCRIPTION ACT [ USAGE OF STATEMENT HALAL (PERMISSIBLE) 1975]

1.1 ISLAMIC LAWS(SYARIAH LAWS)

Islamic laws as stipulated in 'Fiqh Shafie' or laws as contained in any one of the fiqh of Maliki, Hambali or hanafi which are approved by the King and enforced in the Federal Territory, Malacca, Pulau Pinang , or approved by any other ruler to be enforced in any
other state.
The sources of these Islamic laws are the Al-Quran, hadis, Ijma' and Qiyas.Whichever food substance mentioned in any one of these sources mentioned above, whether be it Halal(Permissible) or Haram(Forbidden), is interpreted as being Islamic Law.

1.2 DEFINITION OF HALAL (PERMISSIBLE)

'FOOD FOR MUSLIMS' or 'FOOD CERTIFIED HALAL' or 'HALAL' or having similar meanings can be defined as follows:

a) Not made of, or containing any part or substance from animals which are forbidden to be consumed by Muslims, according to Islamic laws.

b) Not containing any substances which is declared as filth according to Islamic Laws.

c) Not prepared, processed or manufactured using equipment which are not free from filthy substances as directed by Islamic Laws, and

d) During preparation, processing or storage, it should not come into contact or be in close proximity with any food which do not fulfill the requirements as stipulated in paragraph (a),(b) or(c) or any substance declared as being filth according to Islamic law.

1.3 FILTH ACCORDING TO ISLAMIC LAW:

Filth, according to Islamic Law , are

a) Substances such as Pork, Blood and Carcases(carrion)which are filth by themselves and as such cannot be accepted as clean(Suci)

b) Clean substances contaminated by filth and cannot be purified.

c)Clean substances contaminated by filth and can be purified.

2.SOURCES OF HALAL FOODS AND DRINKS

Major sources of foods and drinks for human beings are from animals and plants

2.1 Animals can be divided into two categories:

a)Land Animals

b)Water Animals

2.1.1 Land Animals All land animals are premitted to be eaten except:

a) Animal not slaughtered according to Islamic Laws.

b)Pigs

c)Dogs

d)Carnivorous animals that slash and kill their prey such as tigers, bears,elephants and other similar animals.

e)Birds with claws or birds that feed by snatching and tearing, such as eagles and similar other birds

f)Animal which are premitted to be killed in Islam such as rats, centipedes, eagles,scorpions and similar other animals.

g)Animals and insects forbidden to be killed in Islam, as ants, bees and woodpecker

h)Animals which are generally considered as repulsive such as lice, flies, maggots and similar other animals

i)Animals that live on land and in water(amphibians)like frogs, crocodiles and similar other animals

2.1.2 water Animals:

water animals which live only in water.They are halal(Permissible) and can be eaten,except if poisonous,intoxicated and harmful to human health.

2.2 PLANTS

All types of plants and their products are halal (Permissible) and can be eaten except if poisonous, intoxicated, and harmful to human health.

2.3 DRINKS

All forms of water are permissible(halal) and can be taken except if poisonous,intoxicated, and harmful to human health.water mixed with filthy matter is also not permissible

3.SLAUGHTERING

All forms of slaughtering must comply with the following regulations:

a)slaughtering must be performed manually by a muslim of sound mind, mature and he fully understands the fundamentals and conditions related slaughtering.

b) Animals to be slaughtered must be animals that are premitted(halal) to be eaten.

c)Live animals living in their natural habitats(hayat Mustaqirrah)

d)The respiratory tract, oesophagus (channel for taking in food) and jugular vein must be severed, and

e)All slaughtering devices must be sharp and are not made of bones, nails and teeth.

4.PRESENTATION AND STORAGE

All halal goods which are kept, displayed and served must be isoalted from goods that are not halal to prevent mixing or contamination with filth.

5.FOOD PROCESSING AND COOKING

All processed foods are halal if the ingredients used are halal, so as and the processing done is clean and free from filth such as

i)Must not be made of,or containing any parts or products from animals, which are forbidden by Islamic laws to be consumed by muslims or not slaughtered according to Islamic Laws

ii)Must not contain any products which considered as filth according to Islamic Laws whether in little or large quantities such as pig oils, fats from carcase, types of alcohol and other items.

iii)Must not be prepared,processed or manufactured using equipments which are not free from filth according to Islamic Laws, such as cutting devices, premises, containers and other related equipments.

iv)During preparation, processing and storage, food must not come into contact or close proximity with any food which do not meet the requirements in Para I,II or III or any product that is considered as filth according to Islamic Laws.

6.HYGIENES/SANITATION

Hygiene is strongly emphasized in Islam and it includes every aspects of personal hygiene, dress, equipment and premise where food is processed or prepared. The objectives is to ensure that the food produced is absolutely clean and not harmful to human health. Hygiene can be defined as being free from filth, dirt, materials prohibited in Islam and not clean according to Islamic Laws.Several aspects which are emphasized, include

a)Premise for the manufacturing, preparation and sale of food and drinks must be clean and free from flies, rats , cockroaches,lizards and other similar pests.

b)Workers in food factories must be healthy, and they must wear clean protective clothing to prevent contamination from dirt.

c)Equipment used must be clean and washed frequently to ensure cleanliness.Methods of washing is one by rinsing with clean running water.

d)Toilets and wash rooms which can be source of dirt must be cleaned from time to time.

7.GOODS UTILIZED BY MUSLIMS

For the purpose of these guidelines goods, to be used byMuslims can be divided into the following categories.

7.1 COSMETICS

Cosmetic items made from plants and chemicals are permissble except those that are poisonous and harmful to health.Cosmetics made from animal sources which are halal and do not contain filth are also permissible.

7.2 CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT

Clothing and equipment which are made from plants,hairs except from pigs and dogs, bones from animals which are halal and have been slaughtered, animal skins which have been preserved by tanning except pig's and dog's skin, are all permitted to be used.

8.LABEL HALAL (PERMISSIBLE)

The use of the label 'HALAL' , 'CERTIFIED HALAL' or any other statement which can give similar meaning, permissing/allowing Muslims to eat, drink and utilize goods as well as indicate that the manufacture, preparation and sale in the premises is halal for muslims. The use of such labels which indicate the product that is halal is subjected to the Trade Description Act (Use of the statement 'HALAL') 1975 and Trade Act(Food labelling) 1975, is attached.

9.CONCLUSION

It is envisaged that these guidelines will give a better understanding regarding foods, drinks and goods used by Muslims and others concerned. In this connection manufacturers are reminded to comply with all 'HALAL' requirements which have been clearly explained above.


COMMITEE ON EVALUATION OF FOODS,

DRINKS AND GOODS UTILIZED BY MUSLIMS,

ISLAMICS AFFAIRS' DIVISION PRIME MINISTER'S DEPARTMENT,

KUALA LUMPUR.


P.U. (A) 237

TRADE DESCRIPTIONS ACT,1972

Act 87

In exercise of the powers conferred by section 10 of the Trade Descriptions Act, 1972 the Minister hereby makes the following order:

Citation 1.

This Order may be cited as the Trade Descriptions (Use of Expression 'Halal') Order, 1975

Definition 2.

In this Order unless the context otherwise requires 'Hukum Syarak' means the Laws of Islam under the Mazhab of Shafie or the Laws of Islam under any of the other Mazhabs of Maliki, Hambali or Hanafi which are approved by the Yang diPertuan Agong to be enforce in the Federal Territory or approved by the Ruler of any other State to be enforced in the State. '

Halal' 3.

When used in relation to food in any form whatsoever in the course of trade or business, as or as part of a trade description applied to the food, the expressions 'Halal', 'Di-tanggung Halal' or 'Makanan Islam' or any other expression indicating or likely to be understood as indicating that Muslims are permitted by their religion to consume such food such expression shall have the following meaning, that is the food in relation to which such expression or expression are used

a) Neither does it consist of, nor contains, any part or matter of an animal that a Muslim is prohibited by Hukum Syarak to consumer or that has not been slaughtered in accordance with Hukum Syarak;

b) does not contain anything which is considered to be impure according to Hukum Syarak;

c) has not been prepared, processed or manufactured using any instrument not free from anything impure according to Hukum Syarak; and

d) has not in the course of preparation,processing or storage been in contact with or been in close proximity to any food that fails to satisfy paragraph(a),(b) or(c) or anything that is considered to be impure according to Hukum Syarak.

Made this 29th day of July. 1975

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[PN.(PU 120;B.PGK.O. 50001/3/32]

DATUK HAJI HAMZAH BIN HAJI ABU SAMAH

Minister of Trade and Industry


P.U(A)298

TRADE DESCRIPTIONS ACT, 1972

In exercise of the powers conferred by section II of the Trade Description Act, 1972,the Minister hereby makes the following order:

1.This Order may be cited as the Trade Descriptions(marking of Food) Order, 1975.

2 .i) All food specified in the Schedule hereto which is halal according to the Trade Description(Use of expression 'Halal') Order, 1975 shall not be supplied unless it is marked by a label, tag or any other form of mark indicating that such food is halal.

ii) All uncooked meat and offals, including poultry, shall not be supplied unless it is mark indicating that such meat or offal had or had not been chilled or frozen.

SCHEDULE

All meat and offals, including that poultry which is:-

a) Fresh , chilled or frozen;

b)Cooked,canned or in any other manner preserved by cooking, canning or preservation is done in Malaysia

Made this 18th day of September, 1975

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[PN.(PU 120;B.PGK.o.5001/3/32.]

HAJI MOHAMED BIN YAACOB

Minister of Trade and Industry


Info:
This file is provided as it is in the purpose of information regarding halal foods. The information herein is unchanged as fetched from http://www.islam.gov.my/Halal/BI/Halal.html at Jan 1995.